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partitioning [2013/04/27 21:26]
Bill Taylor
partitioning [2013/04/27 21:45]
Bill Taylor
Line 21: Line 21:
  Windows has used FAT16, FAT 32 and now NTFS. When I started out, Linux used EXT2, EXT3 and now EXT4. There are other available file systems but I'm happy using EXT4. It's a journalling file system which can unscramble my hard drive when the power fails!  Windows has used FAT16, FAT 32 and now NTFS. When I started out, Linux used EXT2, EXT3 and now EXT4. There are other available file systems but I'm happy using EXT4. It's a journalling file system which can unscramble my hard drive when the power fails!
  
-If I am installing Vinux, as the only operating system on the computer, I will create 3 primary partitions, /, /swap, and /home. Depending on disk size, I use 10-30 Gb for /; 1-6 GB for/swap, and the rest of the drive as /home. I ALWAYS partition my hard drives manually!+If I am installing Vinux, as the only operating system on the computer, I will create 3 primary partitions, /, /swap, and /home. Depending on disk size, I use 10-30 GB for /; 1-6 GB for/swap, and the rest of the drive as /home. I ALWAYS partition my hard drives manually!
  
 Some examples. Some examples.
  
-A simple vinux install on an 80 Gb disk drive ( /dev/sda )+A simple vinux install on an 80 GB disk drive ( /dev/sda )
      
-/dev/sda1    EXT4   20  Gb   /        Primary Partitions+/dev/sda1    EXT4   20  GB   /        Primary Partitions
    
-/dev/sda2    swap    5  Gb  swap    +/dev/sda2    swap    5  GB  swap    
    
-/dev/sda3    EXT4   55  Gb  /home  +/dev/sda3    EXT4   55  GB  /home  
  
-Next is a install of Windows and Vinux, still on an 80 Gb drive. +Next is a install of Windows and Vinux, still on an 80 GB drive. 
 Windows must be installed first, but it is very much a secondary OS in our house. Partitions are set with gparted, and let Windows re-format the ntfs to keep it happy. It doesn't realise there is anything else on the computer.   Windows must be installed first, but it is very much a secondary OS in our house. Partitions are set with gparted, and let Windows re-format the ntfs to keep it happy. It doesn't realise there is anything else on the computer.  
  
-/dev/sda1     NTFS    30 Gb   Windows     +/dev/sda1     NTFS    30 GB   Windows     
    
-/dev/sda2    EXT4    15  Gb     /  +/dev/sda2    EXT4    15  GB     /  
    
-/dev/sda3    swap     5  Gb   swap  +/dev/sda3    swap     5  GB   swap  
    
-/dev/sda4    EXT4    30  Gb   /home   All primary partitions+/dev/sda4    EXT4    30  GB   /home   All primary partitions
  
 This is roughly what Vinux does when you tell it to "install along side Windows". It will resize the NTFS to about half the drive, and install itself in a large / partition, small swap, and NO separate /home.  You can manually resize the NTFS, and partition the reclaimed space as above, from Gparted in a live install of Vinux.   This is roughly what Vinux does when you tell it to "install along side Windows". It will resize the NTFS to about half the drive, and install itself in a large / partition, small swap, and NO separate /home.  You can manually resize the NTFS, and partition the reclaimed space as above, from Gparted in a live install of Vinux.  
  
-When Vinux is installed, it will detect the Windows install, and put it in Grub menu on the bottom line. For the above drive the menu would have 4 lines with Vinux, Vinux -recovery mode, memory test, and Windows. There is no speech when this menu appears when booting, just a beep a second before. The top line, Vinux, is the default, and will start after some seconds. If you wish to start Windows push the down arrow after the beep 3 or more times, (Arrowing down will only go to the bottom, it doesn'go back to the top and start down again) then press enter key to start Windows.  Vinux will alway remain the default, unless you change it deliberately, but the number of lines will increase as kernels are updated in normal updates. Windows will remain on the bottom, just arrow down further, if you find you are not getting Windows to start. Once you press the down arrow the first time, you have disabled the timer; even if you go back to the top line, you need to press enter to start your choice.+When Vinux is installed, it will detect the Windows install, and put it in Grub menu on the bottom line. For the above drive the menu would have 4 lines with Vinux, Vinux -recovery mode, memory test, and Windows. There is no speech when this menu appears when booting, just a beep a second before. The top line, Vinux, is the default, and will start after some seconds. If you wish to start Windows push the down arrow after the beep 3 or more times, (Arrowing down will only go to the bottom, it doesn'wrap-around) then press enter key to start Windows.  Vinux will always remain the default, unless you change it deliberately, but the number of lines will increase as kernels are updated in normal updates. Windows will remain on the bottom, just arrow down further, if you find you are not getting Windows to start. Once you press the down arrow the first time, you have disabled the timer; even if you go back to the top line, you need to press enter to start your choice.
  
 I do a lot of testing, and often have multiple Operating systems on one drive. I still set up separate /home partitions, only 1 swap, and a / for each operating system. I am using an 80Gb hard drive, so you can see how I divide it for testing. I do a lot of testing, and often have multiple Operating systems on one drive. I still set up separate /home partitions, only 1 swap, and a / for each operating system. I am using an 80Gb hard drive, so you can see how I divide it for testing.
partitioning.txt · Last modified: 2019/02/09 10:31 (external edit)